1. Money market funds

These funds invest in fixed-income assets in the short term, such as government debt, treasury funds, banker’s approval, corporate paper, and deposit certificates. Generally, they are secure investments, but their return is smaller than other forms of mutual funds.

  1. Fixed Income Funds

These funds purchase investments that pay for a fixed rate of return, such as government bonds, corporate investment bonds, and high-yield corporate bonds. Fixed income funds types aim to receive money annually into the fund, primarily through interest earned by the fund.

  1. Equity funds

Such funds invest in inventories. These funds are targeted at growing faster than the money markets or fixed-income funds, so you are generally at greater risk of losing money.

Read More – Sip Calculator – Mutual Funds Investment Returns Calculator

  1. Balanced funds

Those assets invest in a combination of bonds and debt with fixed income. The goal is to reconcile higher returns with the possibility of money loss. Most of these funds are divided between the various forms of investment according to a formula. These are typically riskier than fixed income securities but are not riskier than pure stock funds. Aggressive funds carry more assets and fewer bonds, while conservative funds retain fewer assets than bonds.

  1. Index funds

Such funds are meant to track the efficiency of a certain index such as the composite index of S&P/TSX. The mutual fund value may increase or decrease as the index rises or decreases. Index funds usually have lower expenses than mutual funds that are actively run as the portfolio manager has little analysis or investing choices to do too far.

  1. Specialty Funds

These funds depend on specific commitments such as real estate, commodities, or socially responsible assets. For instance, a socially responsible fund may invest in firms that support nature stewardship, human rights, and diversity and can deter firms from engaging in alcohol, tobacco, gambling, weapons, and the military.


  1. Fund-of-funds

The funds are invested in other securities. They try to facilitate the asset allocation and diversification convenient for investors, in the same way as balanced funds. The MER for fund-of-funds appears to be higher than stand-alone mutual funds.

Read More – Top 7 Index Funds Performing Well In 2020

Differ by investment type

Portfolio managers may have different investment philosophies or employ different investment styles to achieve the fund’s investment goals. You may diversify beyond the form of investment by the option of funds with various types of investing styles. It may also be another way for lower-risk investments.

Four Common Strategies to Invest

  • Top-down Approach – look at the large economic picture and only identify businesses or countries that appear to be performing well. Then invest in the specified sector or nation in other businesses.
  • The bottom-up approach – focuses on selecting certain well-performing companies, regardless of their prospects for industry or business.
  • A hybrid model combining the top-down and the bottom-up – a fund manager with a global portfolio may select which countries to prefer, but construct on a bottom-up study, the inventory portfolio within each region.
  • Technical Analysis – analyze previous market data to predict that attempts to forecast the direction of investment prices.