An index fund is a mutual fund that reproduces the collection of an index. These funds are also called as index-tied or index-tracked mutual funds. Many investors are responsive to the benefits of expanding their portfolio across assets. It frequently catches their eyes in this search as they refer to funds that invest in a more significant market index such as the Sensex or the Nifty. All the stocks in these indices will discover some representation in their investment portfolio. This theoretically certifies a performance equal to that of the index that is being tracked. The low expense ratio is its main USP. Index funds are not dynamically coped funds, thus experiences low expenditures. They do not aim at outperforming the market, but instead to keep consistency. They help an investor manage or balance his hazards in his investment portfolio.

How do Index Funds Work?

When an index fund tracks a standard like the Nifty, its collection will have the 50 stocks that contain Nifty, in the same dimensions. An index is a group of securities defining a market division. These retreats can be bond market instruments or equity-oriented instruments like shares. Some of the most popular guides in India are BSE Sensex and NSE Nifty. Since index funds trail a specific index, they fall under inactive fund organization. The fund manager agrees which stocks have to be purchased and sold according to the arrangement of the fundamental standard. Unlike actively-managed funds, there is not a separate team of research analysts to identify opportunities and select stocks.

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While an actively-managed fund strives to beat its benchmark, an index fund role is to match its performance to that of its index. It usually delivers returns more or less equal to the benchmark. Though there can be a small difference between fund performance and the index, this is referred to as the tracking error. The fund manager must work towards getting down the tracking error as much as possible. In the case of a weighted index, fund managers often steady the percentage of the securities to ensure making a presence in the benchmark.

What Are The Top 7 Index Funds Performing Well In 2020?


When an investor is planning to spend in index funds, they should pay attention to the tracking error of the fund. The tracking error processes the deviation of fund return from yardstick it is tracking. It is the difference between the index stock return and its target return. Here is some of the top index fund performing well in 2020.

Nippon India Index Fund – Sensex Plan

The main investment objective of the scheme is to reproduce the composition of the Sensex, to make returns that are equal with the performance of the Sensex, subject to tracking errors.

LIC MF Index Fund Sensex

The main asset objective of the fund is to generate returns appropriate with the performance of the index, either Nifty / Sensex, based on the plans by financing in the individual index stocks subject to tracking errors.

ICICI Prudential Nifty Index Fund

An open-ended index connected development scheme looking to track the returns of the S&P CNX Nifty index through investment in a basket of stocks tired from the residents of the Nifty.

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UTI Nifty Index Fund

The primary investment goal of the pattern is to spend in stocks of companies comprising the Nifty 50 Index and try to reach return corresponding to Nifty 50 by passive investment. The scheme will be managed by replicating the index in the same weightage as in the Nifty 50 Index to reduce the performance differences between the scheme and the Nifty 50 Index in capital terms, and other factors that may cause tracking error. The scheme would alter the scrips/weights as and when the same are altered in the Nifty 50 Index.

Franklin India Index Fund Nifty Plan


The Investment goal of the Scheme is to spend in companies whose securities are included in the Nifty and subject to tracking errors, trying to get results commensurate with the Nifty 50 under NSENifty Plan.

SBI Nifty Index Fund

The scheme will accept a passive investment strategy. The scheme will invest in stocks comprising the Nifty 50 Index in the same amount as in the index to achieve returns equivalent to the Total Returns Index of Nifty 50 Index. It reduces the performance difference between the benchmark index and the scheme. The Total Returns Index is an index that imitates the returns on the index from index gain/loss plus dividend payments by the basic stocks.

IDBI Nifty Index Fund

The investment aim of the scheme is to invest in the stocks and equity-related instruments comprising the S&P CNX Nifty Index in the same weights. These stocks characterized in the Index with the intent to replicate the performance of the Total Returns Index of S&P CNX Nifty index. The scheme will embrace an inactive investment strategy and will pursue to realize the investment objective by diminishing the tracking error between the S&P CNX Nifty index and the system.