ROCE or the Return on capital employed is referred to the financial ratio that measures the profitability and success of the respective company. Not just that, it also helps in measuring the efficiency with which the capital is utilized. To put it simply, the ratio also helps in measuring the efficiency of the company and how well it would be able to generate the profits from the respective capital. The Return on Capital Employed ratio or the ROCE ratio is also considered to be an essential profitability ratio. As a matter of fact, it is also used by the investors when the screening for some suitable investment candidates is done effortlessly.

If you wish to know the formula for Return on Capital Employed or ROCE, then the formula has been mentioned right below.

\begin{aligned} &\text{ROCE} = \frac{ \text{EBIT} }{ \text{Capital Employed} } \\ &\textbf{where:}\\ &\text{EBIT} = \text{Earnings before interest and tax} \\ &\text{Capital Employed} = \text{Total assets } – \text{ Current liabilities} \\ \end{aligned}

​Here, ROCE or Return on Capital Employed is termed as the Capital Employed

And, EBIT is safely referred to as Earnings before interest & tax

Therefore, the Capital Employed is equal to the Total assets minus the Current liabilities!

If you wish to know the procedure for calculating the ROCE or Return on Capital Employed, then keep reading on.

How will you manage to calculate ROCE or Return on Capital Employed?


ROCE or Return on Capital Employed happens to be an essential metric in order to compare the profitability around the companies which is based on the particular amount of the capital that they make the best use of! As a matter of fact, there happen to be a total of two metrics that are required for calculating the return on capital employed or ROCE. While the first metric happens to be the earnings before interest, the second and the last one is safely termed as the tax and capital employed.

What is EBIT?

EBIT or Earnings before interest and tax is also referred to as the operating income that can show how much the company would earn the operations alone sans the regards to the interest or the taxes. As a matter of fact, EBIT gets calculated when you subtract the goods’ cost sold and operating expenses from revenues.

What is Capital employed?

Capital employed happens to be the total amount of the capital which the company has already utilized for generating the profits. As a matter of fact, it happens to be the sum of the equity of the shareholder as well as the debt liabilities. It can also be simplified as the total assets. And this gets subtracted by the current liabilities. Instead of utilizing the capital employed at the arbitrary, the analysts & the investors calculate the ROCE and this is entirely based on average capital employed. This takes the average of the opening as well as the closing of the capital employed for that particular period of time which is under the analysis.

What do the Return on the Capital Employed Indicate?

The Return on Capital Employed or ROCE happens to be valuable when contrasting the presentation of organizations in capital-concentrated divisions, for example, utilities or the telecoms. This is dissimilar to the different essentials, like the return on value (or safely known as the ROE), examining the profitability identified with an organization’s normal value, ROCE thinks about obligation and different liabilities also. This gives a superior sign of budgetary execution for organizations with a critical obligation.

As a matter of fact, the adjustments can at times be required for getting the truer depiction of the ROCE or Return on Capital Employed. A firm may also occasionally have the inordinate amount of their respective cash right on hand. However, since the cash isn’t employed actively in their particular business, it only can to be just subtracted from Capital Employed figure. And this helps in getting the more accurate measure of the Return on Capital Employed or ROCE.

For any particular company, the trend of ROCE over some years is even the essential indicator of the performance. To put it simply, the investors always tend to favor the companies with the stable as well as rising ROCE numbers over the companies where the ROCE figure happens to be volatile and even bounces around from just a year to another.

Example of Using ROCE

You are required to consider two companies that are capable of operating in the similar industrial sector. The table in this particular guide will help you get a fair idea about the ROCE or Return on Capital Employed of two companies for the fiscal year ended right on December 31, in the year 2016, and June 30, in the next year, respectively!

(in millions)     Colgate-Palmolive Company  Procter & Gamble

(in millions) Company A Company B
Sales $65,058 $15,195
EBIT $13,955 $3,837
Total Assets $120,406 $12,123
Current Liabilities $30,210 $3,305
Capital Employed $90,196 $8,818
Return on Capital Employed 0.1547 0.4351

Rather than simply taking a gander at the income created by each organization, the capital utilized by the two organizations ought to be thought about. In spite of the fact that Procter and Gamble had more deals for the year and more resources, regarding esteem, Colgate-Palmolive’s ROCE of 43.51% is higher than P&G’s 15.47% ROCE.

This implies Colgate-Palmolive completes superior employment of conveying its capital than P&G. A higher ROCE demonstrates an increasingly effective utilization of capital. ROCE ought to be higher than the organization’s capital cost; else, it demonstrates that the organization isn’t utilizing its capital adequately and isn’t producing investor esteem.

Wrap up

The only downfall of ROCE is measuring returns against the values of the book of the assets in businesses. Since these are ROCE’s depreciated, it will eventually get increased through the cash flow which will still remain the same. Thus, this compiles everything to know about the ROCE or Return on Capital Employed. To know more about this, you can keep watching this space.